The Himalayas offer ample opportunities for special interest tours particularly in the fields of natural and social anthropology and a briefly described below are some of the more significant ones of general interest.
Sikkim is home to a recorded 545 species of avifaunal life, and Nepal boasts of even a higher count that is close to 640 species.
The Himalayas are home to more than 40 species of mammals and include such rare and endangered ones as the Snow Leopard, the Musk Deer and the Blue Sheep. And in the foothills, there is the unique Great Indian One Horned Rhinoceros and the Royal Bengal Tiger.
The Asian sub-continent is home to several hundreds of ethnic societies – a combination that weaves colorful cultural kaleidoscope. In the Himalaya alone, there are more than 50 major ethnic groups practicing their own very unique and age old traditions. And of course, the Himalaya is also the birthplace and home to Mahayana/Vajrayana Buddhism.